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Future Concerns For Quinoa Cultivators

March 15, 2016 Jamie Schuman 0

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Research by economists put to rest the rising concerns of the well-being of the people in Peru and Bolivia over the rise in demand and price of Quinoa, a grain crop that is cultivated for its edible seeds. Research not only established that the Peru population was doing a lot better after the rise in price but also that it had no ill effects on the population’s nutrition consumption. Although for now, everything looks good, export demand for just a few varieties from among the 3000 varieties of quinoa which will need the farmers to abandon other varieties.

quinoa-nutritionThere are varieties that the Andean farmers have developed over the years to adapt to climate and other conditions. They need to be acknowledged globally and the diversity needs to be conserved. Attempts have been made to create internal markets in hospitals and foods to purchase those varieties without export demand.

The challenge also remains to release public funds for the conservation of agricultural biodiversity. The high demand for quinoa has also led to poor soil quality and environmental degradation. The cultivation land is not allowed to rest and results in erosion and loss of nutrients along with a decrease in farm animals like llama herds that were a rich source of manure and fertilization. Another concern as in all other cases is the concern over a drop in price and demand, and as to how it would affect the population.

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Has U.S. Attained Full Employment Following Recession?

January 14, 2016 Jamie Schuman 0

us-employmentEconomists explain the recovery of job market from recession in terms of “full employment”. Full employment is a term that signifies that the number of job seekers is balanced by the number of job opportunities. Full employment is not exactly what it sounds like. It does not mean that the unemployment rate is zero. Unemployment is real and people have to leave their jobs for various personal reasons and there are those who lose their job due to companies closing down obsolete operations. In a healthy economy, economists say that the unemployment rate in the job market ranges between 4.6 percent and 5 percent. It is estimated that the national unemployment rate was 5% in December and it is predicted to decrease to 4.6% by July.

The balance attained and full employment achieved suggests that those looking for job opportunities will be able to find jobs and that employers looking to hire will find suitable employees too. The term full employment is subjective. While on the whole U.S. looks like it has achieved full employment, when looked at locally, there may be variations. For example, in Silicon Valley, California the unemployment rate is zero while the unemployment rate in West Virginia is as much as 13%. The unemployment rate is not only dependent on location but also varies based on age, qualification, cultural differences and gender.